Albumin in Urine: How Low is Normal?

July 22, 2019

Have you ever had a blood test to check albumin levels? Albumin is the most common type of protein in the blood. It has many jobs like helping with the body’s growth and tissue repair. These are important for maintaining good health. You can get this protein from a wide range of foods. They include fish, chicken, beef, eggs, dairy, soybeans, and nuts. It’s important to keep track of how much of this protein you have in your blood and make sure it’s in the albumin normal range. Various tests can be run to check this figure and make sure you’re within the average range. You’ll also want to watch your level of albumin in terms of kidney disease.

It’s critical to make sure your albumin levels are within the normal range. This is generally less than 30 mcg for the microalbumin test. If you have certain health conditions like kidney disease then it’s especially critical to make sure your urine’s albumin levels are within the normal range. This, in turn, can help to maintain good health. On the other hand, if the figure is too high then you can take steps to bring down the figure and boost your health.

 

What is Albumin?

Before we talk about the normal amounts in urine tests it’s critical to talk about the substance itself. Albumin is a protein found in the body. Not only that but it’s the most common protein within the blood!

Albumin provides several benefits to the body. It provides protein that’s needed to maintain normal growth and repair damaged tissues.

The protein also sometimes has the job of removing fluid from the body. It takes the substance from swollen tissues then returns it back to the blood.

It’s important to prevent the amount of albumin in your urine from getting too high. This can help with conditions like kidney disease. In those cases, it’s important to know what counts as low or high amounts of albumin is in the urine.

We can get protein from several food sources including:

  1. Fish
  2. Chicken
  3. Beef
  4. Cheese
  5. Milk
  6. Yogurt
  7. Beans

It’s critical to get protein from different sources including food and supplements. You’ll want to make sure you’re getting enough protein in your diet.

There are various factors that can cause low levels of albumin. They include low levels in food and various infections that involve the feet, teeth, gums, and bladder. Low levels can be due to various conditions like arthritis.

There are other dietary-related problems that can also cause the body’s levels of the protein to drop. They include ones like liver conditions and others.

In terms of maintaining healthy levels of albumin, it’s critical to make sure you’re getting your protein from good food sources. These are better sources than supplements.

You should also keep track of your albumin levels. There are various tests that can be run to check it out. In the case your body’s albumin levels are low you can talk to your doctor about taking steps to boost it. This, in turn, will help to boost your overall health.

 

What’s a Microalbumin Test?

There are various tests like the microalbumin urine test that can check how much of the protein is in your urine. This is critical because it can help with issues like detecting kidney issues. Studies show that 10% of the world’s population suffers from chronic kidney disease (CKD).

It’s important to detect conditions like kidney disease before they become very serious. The kidneys’ job is to filter blood while maintaining the nutrients your body needs.

When the kidneys are working properly, they’re able to retain nutrients like albumin. This is an important building block that helps repair damage and help your body heal faster.

The problem is if you have kidney disease then it might cause the protein to leak into your urine. As a result, it means you’re losing too much of the important protein.

The microalbumin test looks for small quantities of albumin within the urine. These levels would be too small for other urinalysis tests to pick up. A general guideline for a normal range is less than 30 mcg of the protein in your blood.

There are certain red flags that will likely cause your doctor to order such tests. They include type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and high blood pressure.

There are other risk factors that could cause your doctor to order such urine tests to check your albumin levels. They include being 65+ years old, ethnicity, and family history of kidney disease,

In these cases, it’s important to talk to your doctor about whether or not you need to have a microalbumin test run.

The two types of tests are random and timed. A random test is generally better for the doctor to provide info about how much albumin is in your urine. That’s because it not only checks the protein in your urine but also a waste product in the pee known as creatinine.

 

What’s the Albumin Normal Range?

It’s important to keep in mind that the results won’t be an exact science. That’s because there are some factors like the lab that tests the urine sample and people’s bodies are different.

The guidelines about what’s “normal” are somewhat subjective. However, they’re still a good basis to determine whether or not you have kidney disease. Keep in mind that’s the ultimate goal of the urine test.

When you get a random urine test your results will probably include something known as the albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR). What’s it about? This is helpful because it helps doctors to figure out how much albumin is your urine excretes in a day.

The test measures albumin in micrograms (mcg) and the creatinine is measured in milligrams. Fun Fact: 1,000 mcg equal one mg.

A “normal” ACR will be under 30 mcg of albumin for each 1 mg of creatinine. If the figure is over 30 then it might be a sign that you have kidney damage.

After the first test, you might have to get follow up test(s). The amount of albumin in a person’s urine can differ during different times of the day. There are also various factors that could produce an above-average result. They include:

  1. Fever
  2. Heavy exercise
  3. UTI
  4. Medicines
  5. Blood in urine

The doctor might order 1-2 retests during the next 3-6 months. In the case of 2-3 tests are high then there’s a good chance you have early-stage kidney disease. Meanwhile, if the results are sky-high above normal then you could have advanced kidney disease.

Your doctor can explain everything to you and help you make the best steps if you’re diagnosed with kidney disease. As always, it’s important to detect it as early as possible. This will allow you to get the treatment you need. Being in the know is critical including knowing what albumin normal range.