Slim is the most favorite shape of women. They tend to consider this as sexy. However, not all slims are healthy. In fact, some may be way too slim that it affects their weight; and being underweight is as problematic as being obese or overweight.
According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NIH), underweight is having a body mass index (BMI) that is below 18.5. On the other hand, over 25 BMI is overweight, while over 30 is obesity. The only problem with the BMI scale is, it only calculates the height and weight of an individual. It does not consider the amount of muscle mass. There are people that are naturally underweight but is healthy. So, based on this scale, it doesn’t necessarily mean that you have health issues if you are underweight.
But what are the consequences of being underweight?
Significantly, girls and women tend to be more underweight for about 2 to 3 times compared to men.
Being underweight, according to some studies, is associated with death by a hundred and forty percent among men and 100% in women. Comparatively, obesity is linked to a larger risk of early death by 50%, which may indicate that being underweight is far more alarming for one’s health.
Some of the health problems linked with being underweight include knocking off the immune system, causing infertility, and increasing the risk of infections as well as leading to osteoporosis and fractures. People who are underweight tend to yield in an age-related muscle wasting disease called sarcopenia as well as dementia.
Factors That Causing Underweight
Some medical conditions that causing weight loss includes:
- Thyroid problems. Hyperthyroidism is the condition where the thyroid is overactive, resulting in metabolism boost that causes unhealthy loss of weight.
- Eating disorders. Anorexia is one of the serious psychological disorders which can lose someone’s appetite for food. There are other eating disorders that need medical assistance.
- Diabetes. Type 1 uncontrolled diabetes may result in weight loss.
- Celiac disease. Celiac disease is considered as a traitor disease because most of its patients do not know that they carry it in their body. If you have a severe case of gluten intolerance, the chance is that you have celiac disease.
- Infections. Certain infections such as tuberculosis, parasites, and HIV/AIDS can make someone lose its weight unhealthily.
- Cancer. Loss of weight is the normal result of cancerous tumors. These tumors often burn large amounts of calories.
If you are losing a huge amount of weight when you are not on a diet is quite alarming. You may want to see your doctor for medical attention.
Gaining Weight the Positive and Healthy Way
Most women want to lose weights but if you want to do the opposite, you may find it challenging to add a few pounds.
It is necessary to gain weight the right weight. Meaning, you don’t want unhealthy belly fats to rule your body but you want to gain a healthy balance of muscle mass. And trust me, you can’t have healthy muscles by eating donuts and drinking soda. Although these foods will surely increase your weight, you might gain weight with unhealthy freebies, and you don’t want that.
Think of this, there are people that do have heart problems, type 2 diabetes, and other diseases associated with obesity that have normal weights.
Therefore, healthy food plus a healthy lifestyle can result in positive gain weight.
Weight gain requires an increase in calories intake, but if you have a small appetite, you may need some assistance in trying a new way to boost it. There are a few supplements that you may add to your diet to resolve this problem. However, it might be too expensive for you. You may want instead to eat some food that has the same effects as the supplements.
Powdered milk drinks are a good food supplement to help boost your appetite. Full-fat or nonfat dry milk products are available at stores so it is easy to find it. Today’s Dietitian recommends adding a few pounds the healthy way by having a balance of three nutrients which are carbohydrates, fat, and protein. These 3 are all packed inside a whole powdered milk.
Another good thing about dry milk powder is you can mix it to almost anything. Add it on smoothies, oatmeal, or mashed potatoes? Not a problem!
Furthermore, milk is the number one source of whey protein; and whey protein is believed in helping to increase lean muscle mass and strength, especially taking it before or after an exercise.
Some reminders though. If you are allergic to milk or are intolerant to lactose, you may want to omit this supplement from your list and try another one. Also, drink a lot of fluid when consuming protein.
Meat and Fish
Creatine is the athletes’ most common weight booster supplement, and this substance is often found in meat and fish.
Our muscles naturally have this substance (creatine) which is responsible for drawing water in and generating energy for muscle contraction.
A 2010 published study in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, found that creatine is helpful in increasing women’s muscle weight and muscle mass without a bad side effect.
The best of creatine results is get through its partnership with work-out as the additional energy in the muscles is a requirement for creatine to work fully.
Although this substance is highly recommendable in building muscles, experts also advise to take it lightly. Too high doses of creatine can potentially damage the kidneys, liver, or heart as well as result in gastrointestinal diseases such as nausea and diarrhea.
Other ways to add some weight while gaining muscle mass are through the help of supplements in the form of pill and liquid. There are multiple weight gainer supplements available in the market where you could choose from. Some of these supplements are packed with creatine, while others are with whey protein as well as other vitamins and minerals that the body needs.