Beta Blockers

What are Beta Blockers and What are They Used for?

January 19, 2019

Beta-blockers are popularly known as an effective treatment for patients diagnosed with high blood pressure. It works by slowing down the heartbeat to lessen the blood pressure level. These medications are designed to block our adrenaline as well as stimulate the blood vessels to boost blood flow.

Beta-blockers commonly affect the functioning of the blood vessels and the heart. There are several beta blockers available in the market which we can access, with the recommendation and prescription of a doctor. Among the popular oral beta blockers are propranolol, nebivolol, nadolol, metoprolol, bisoprolol, atenolol and acebutolol.

Unless otherwise advised by a medical professional, I advise you to not use the medicine as they have a lot of side effects. Among the common ones are rapid weight gain, cold skin and fatigue. Other side effects that are felt by few people are breath shortness, depression as well as sleep troubles.

As we have already discussed the side effects and risks associated with the use of beta blockers, might as well tackle where the medications are discouraged to be used. Doctors don’t recommend patients diagnosed with asthma to take them as these are known to stimulate asthma attacks. In addition, beta blockers are also not advisable to diabetics as these could lead to having low blood sugar.

Among other reminders, beta blockers can slightly increase our triglyceride as well as cholesterol levels. Highlighted below are the areas or medical conditions where beta blockers could be beneficial to patients.

Heart Failure

If you are diagnosed with heart failure, your doctor might prescribe you with beta blockers. A lot of medical studies have proven that patients who take the treatments have 30% less risk of dying from heart failure and 40% from being hospitalized. Research done on subjects with chronic heart failure indicated that the participants’ sudden death risk is decreased by 38% with the regular intake of beta blockers. To help those who are looking into the best beta blockers to manage this medical condition, the most popular in this area are the nebivolol, carvedilol, metoprolol and bisoprolol.

Chronic Angina

Beta blockers are also helpful in treating patients with chronic angina which is characterized by ischemia that results to chest pain. The question now is how beta blockers help people diagnosed with medical condition. Medical studies showed that the heart rate and myocardial oxygen level can also be reduced after the drugs are taken. These effects are essential to ensure that the heart is not stressed out and has all the blood supply that it needs. However, please be reminded that beta blockers should not be taken by individuals with Prinzmetal’s angina. Instead of treating the condition, the medications will do the opposite.

Heart Attack or Myocardial Infarction

Another area of medicine where beta blockers have shown their efficacy is the myocardial infarction. Carvedilol and metoprolol are the ones dominating this field. This is because these have been proven in many scientific studies to be beneficial to high-risk patients. This includes those suffering from dysfunction in their left ventricular or progressing cardiac ischemia.

Abnormalities in Heart Rhythm

Different beta blockers are prescribed by physicians depending on the symptoms that are to be treated. For patients who are suffering from heart rhythm abnormalities, esmolol, sotalol or propranololZ are proven to be effective. These medications are capable of lessening their risk of dying from ventricular arrhythmia.

Glaucoma and Migraine

Aside from heart-related conditions, other areas where beta blockers can also be used are for migraine and glaucoma. Carteolol, metipranolol, betaxolol, timolol, and levobunolol are the ones commonly recommended for Glaucoma. As for migraines, propranolol is the top beta blocker to be used.

Chronic Liver Illness

Diagnosed with chronic liver illness? You might want to talk to your physician about taking beta blockers. These medications work by cutting down one’s bleeding risk and potential complication of hypertension.

High Blood Pressure

This is among the first areas wherein beta blockers have proven themselves to be effective. Also known as hypertension, high blood pressure could be alleviated and treated if beta blockers are taken based on the prescriptions by medical professionals. The effectiveness of this certain line of drugs is not just expected in the common hypertensive patients but also those who had a heart attack once in their life. In addition to this, many medical experts agree that beta blockers are a lot more beneficial to people with high blood pressure that had an episode of stroke or any coronary heart disease incident.

Thyrotoxicosis and Anxiety

Are you familiar with thyrotoxicosis? This medical condition occurs if the thyroid glands are overactive. There’s nothing to worry if you are suffering from this disorder as there is a beta blocker to help you along the way. Same as with constant anxiety attacks, beta blockers are also proven to be effective in this area. To be safe and to be treated of these health disorders, it is best to go with the beta-blocker propranolol.

Miral Stenosis and Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy

The list of  medical conditions that can be treated by beta blockers is really long. Included in the list are miral stenosis as well as the hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. Characterized by the dysfunctions in the left ventricle and left atrium, miral stenosis can be managed well through a well-guided beta-blocker therapy. Same with miral stenosis patients, those who are diagnosed to be having hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy also receive beta blockers as the first line of treatment.