Femoral Hernia

Everything You Need To know About Femoral Hernia

August 8, 2020

With today’s hectic lifestyle and busy work schedules, people are looking for ways to improve their overall health. Individuals will usually look for ways to improve their general condition through increased physical activity, consumption of healthy food items, and the use of more natural and alternative treatment options for various illnesses. People, however, also look for ways to avoid certain health conditions may greatly and adversely affect their quality of life and health. One such medical condition is known as a Femoral Hernia. People may want to know though, what femoral hernia is all about. In this article, we will first look at some of the basic and general facts on hernia and some key information in terms of femoral hernia.

 

Hernias: A Brief Overview

Hernias are medical problems that are considered fairly common and are also known to result in abdominal and groin localized bulges. Some hernias are pain-free and can even be harmless. There are some cases however when these hernias can bring about pain and discomfort. Some quick information about hernias are listed below but a more detailed look into incarcerated hernia will be done later on in the article:

  • Hernia surgery is usually more common for children and older adults. However, a specific hernia known as femoral hernia may present patients with an increased risk of surgery throughout their lives.
  • Treatment options for hernia usually come in two choices which are corrective surgery and watchful waiting. Surgery for hernias will usually be done through a keyhole or open operation.
  • Hernias are relatively simple to diagnose for healthcare professionals as they simply have to look or identify the patient’s hernia bulge.
  • Hernias will often not have any type of symptoms that are considered troublesome. Patients with abdominal issues may have some other serious underlying condition that needs to be further evaluated by a medical professional.

But what is a hernia? This medical condition happens due to a hole or a weakness in the wall of muscles. This wall is what keeps the organs in the abdomen in their place. This hole can permit tissues and organs to penetrate the walls of the muscles resulting in herniation or the production of a bulge. This bulge can sometimes disappear when the patient lies down and can even be pushed back into its appropriate spot. However, there are instances when a cough can make the lump or the bulge reappear.

 

What are the Types of Hernias?

There are different types of hernias, and they are classified based on where they are located or where they appear. Enumerated below are some of these types of hernias:

  1. Surgical Scars: A surgery on the abdomen may have an incision that can lead to a hernia
  2. Belly button: This region may have a bulge due to a periumbilical and umbilical hernia
  3. The Stomach’s Upper Part: A hernia that is considered hiatal is a type of hernia caused by the stomach’s upper portion that pushes out of the abdomen moving into the chest through a gap in the diaphragm.
  4. Groin: Hernia of the groin is also known as a femoral hernia and will usually present itself with a lump just below the area of the groin. This type of hernia is more commonly diagnosed in women. On the other hand, men will more likely have an inguinal hernia which can affect the scrotum due to a groin bulge or hernia.

 

What Causes Hernias?

Aside from the hernia caused by a surgical incision, most hernias will almost have no clear reason for its occurrence. As people grow older, the risk of developing some form of hernia also increases. Hernias occur more commonly in male patients than in female individuals. Hernias can also be present at birth or congenital, or it can be contracted by children, especially if they have weak abdominal walls.

Some of the medical issues and certain activities that can cause or lead to hernia are listed below:

  • Undescended testicles
  • Physical exertion
  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Poor nutrition
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Ascites
  • Obesity
  • Urinary retention
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Persistent cough
  • toilet straining especially when constipated

 

Who are at risk for hernia?

Some variables can increase an individual’s risk of developing a hernia. These include the following risk factors:

  1. A family or personal history for developing hernias
  2. Old age
  3. Obesity and being overweight
  4. Chronic coughing
  5. Cigarette smoking which can also lead to chronic coughing and weakened lungs

 

What Is Femoral Hernia?

Earlier in the article, general information and data on hernias were presented. But what exactly is a femoral hernia? A femoral hernia can happen to an individual once tissues start pushing through a weak portion of the groin’s or inner thigh’s muscle wall. This will usually be caused by certain other conditions or activities such as obesity, straining while passing stool, exercising, and coughing.

 

Symptoms of Femoral hernia?

Femoral Hernias will usually have symptoms such as the appearance of a bulge or a lump in the inner thigh or groin area. The said lump and bulge can also result in discomfort for the patient. In extreme cases, femoral hernias can also cause vomiting, nausea, and stomach pain.

What Causes Femoral Hernia

What are the other causes of a Femoral hernia?

Aside from the causes listed above, here are some of the possible causes of femoral hernia:

  • Undergoing kidney treatments such as a dialysis
  • Ascites
  • Childbirth
  • Strong and persistent or chronic coughing
  • pushing or lifting heavy items
  • Obesity or being overweight
  • Passing stool or urine

 

What are some of the Risk factors of Femoral hernia?

While some risk factors have already been listed above for hernias in general, some of the other specific risk factors of femoral hernia include family history, age, and the patient’s sex.