Incarcerated Hernia: Symptoms and Causes

Incarcerated Hernia: Symptoms and Causes

July 19, 2019

People usually look for ways to improve their general health to avoid certain health conditions that may affect their quality of life. One such medical condition is known as an incarcerated hernia. People may want to know, what are the possible causes and the symptoms of an incarcerated hernia. In this article, we will first look at some of the basic facts on hernia and what the possible symptoms and causes are for an incarcerated hernia.


Hernias: A Brief Overview

Hernias are medical problems that are considered fairly common and are also known to result in abdominal and groin localized bulges. Some hernias are pain-free and can even be harmless. There are some cases however when these hernias can bring about pain and discomfort.

A detailed look into incarcerated hernia will be done later on in the article. But first, let’s take a look at the information about hernias listed below :

  • Hernia surgery is usually more common for children and for older adults. However, a specific hernia known as femoral hernia may present patients with an increased risk of surgery throughout their lives.
  • Treatment options for hernia usually come in two choices which are corrective surgery and watchful waiting. Surgery for hernias will usually be done through a keyhole or open operation.
  • Hernias are relatively simple to diagnose for healthcare professionals as they simply have to look or identify the patient’s hernia bulge.
  • Hernias will often not have any types of symptoms that are considered troublesome. Patients with abdominal issues may have some other serious underlying condition that needs to be further evaluated by a medical professional.

But what is a hernia? This medical condition happens due to a hole or a weakness in the wall of muscles that keeps the organs in the abdomen in their place. This hole or weakness can permit tissues and organs to penetrate the walls of the muscles resulting in herniation or the production of a bulge. This bulge can sometimes disappear when the patient lies down and can even be pushed back into its appropriate spot. However, there are instances when a cough can make the lump or the bulge reappear.


What are the Types of Hernias?

There are different types of hernias and they are classified based on where they are located or where they appear. Enumerated below are some of these types of hernias:

  • Surgical Scars: A surgery on the abdomen may have an incision that can lead to a hernia
  • Belly button: This region may have a bulge due to a periumbilical and umbilical hernia
  • The Stomach’s Upper Part: A hernia that is considered hiatal is a type of hernia caused by the stomach’s upper portion that pushes out of the abdomen moving into the chest through a gap in the diaphragm.
  • Groin: Hernia of the groin is also known as a femoral hernia and will usually present itself with a lump just below the area of the groin. This type of hernia is more commonly diagnosed in women. On the other hand, men will more likely have an inguinal hernia which can affect the scrotum due to a groin bulge or hernia.


What Are The Most Common Causes of Hernias?

Aside from the hernia caused by a surgical incision, most hernias will almost have no clear reason for its occurrence. As people grow older, the risk of developing some form of hernia also increases. Hernias have also been generally observed to occur more commonly in male patients than in female individuals. Hernias can also be present at birth or congenital or it can be contracted by children especially if they have abdominal walls that are weak.

Some of the medical issues and certain activities that can cause or lead to hernia are listed below:

  • Testicles that are undescended
  • physical exertion
  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Nutrition that is poor
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • lifting heavy objects
  • fluids in the abdomen
  • obesity and being overweight
  • straining during urination
  • A prostate that is enlarged
  • cystic fibrosis
  • Coughing that is persistent
  • Toilet straining especially when constipated


Who Are At Risk for Hernia?

There are some variables that can increase an individual’s risk of developing a hernia. These include the following risk factors:

  1. A family or personal history for developing hernias
  2. Old age
  3. obesity and being overweight
  4. Chronic coughing
  5. Cigarette smoking which can also lead to chronic coughing and weakened lungs


What is Incarcerated Hernia?

Earlier in the article, general information and data on hernias were presented. But what exactly is incarcerated hernia? An incarcerated hernia is caused by soft tissue bulges that can push through a person’s abdominal wall. This incarcerated hernia will usually be from the part of the individual’s tissues in the abdomen and the stomach. This incarcerated hernia may also result in a stool that is trapped or becomes stagnant and as such, will not be able to efficiently pass through the patient’s intestine.


Symptoms of an Incarcerated Hernia

An incarcerated hernia can cause individuals to experience a number of symptoms. These symptoms include the following:

  • Pain: Incarcerated hernia can result in pain and is one of the most common symptoms for most hernia.
  • Nausea: Nausea may be caused by other complications brought about by the incarcerated hernia.
  • Vomiting: Similar to nausea, vomiting may also be experienced by patients due to other complications caused by incarcerated hernia.
  • Abdominal Swelling: Abdominal swelling will usually be the result of the bulge caused by the incarcerated hernia.


Causes of An Incarcerated Hernia?

Aside from the causes listed above, here are some of the possible causes of incarcerated hernia:

  1. Pregnancy
  2. Strenuous physical activities
  3. Surgeries of the abdomen (cesarian birth)
  4. Coughing that is non-stop
  5. Bowel movement straining