Pain in the groin area is seldom life threatening but it’s a pain that you want to be free of. The pain may either be acute or chronic in nature and can be mild or severe depending on the underlying cause.

Top 10 Causes of Pain in The Groin Area

July 19, 2019

Your usual daily movements will not normally cause pain in the groin area but as you age it may show signs of wear, overuse or an injury.

Men are more prone than women to the pain in the groin area particularly those who take part actively in sports, outdoor activities and fitness. Often minor groin pain can be alleviated by home remedies that it does not need medical care. The groin area or the inguinal region of the body lies between the abdomen and the thighs on the left and right side of the public done. It contains five muscles namely adductor brevis, adductor longus, adductor magnus, gracilis, and pectineus which collectively work to move your leg.  Its purpose is divided into muscles that flex and extend the leg.

The pain in the groin area may either be acute or chronic in nature and can be mild or severe depending on the underlying cause. It can begin from many conditions that are affecting the nerves, muscle, joint and tendon pains. Diagnosis of its cause is not easy because the groin area is a considerable network of muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels. The pain severity and persistence or there is a trauma involved will determine the urgency of medical care.


Top Ten Causes of Pain in Groin Area


1. Musculoskeletal Causes

The groin area has many muscles to support the central part of the body to do it functions like turn, twist and move legs makes them susceptible to injury. Musculoskeletal causes of groin pain are the following:

  • Muscle and Tendon injury: This is a common cause of pain in the groin area. A strain can result from a single or repetitive activity that overstretched or tear a muscle or tendon. Symptoms of a muscle or tendon strain are spasms, weakness, inflammation, rapid bruising and severe pain.
  • Nerve entrapment: The groin area is composed of muscles, tendons and nerves and blood vessels. Nerve entrapment is also called entrapment neuropathy, a medical condition when there is direct pressure on the nerve. Symptoms include muscular weakness, numbness, tingling and shooting pain.
  • Stress fracture: The repetitive activity of intense training and overuse is common to athletes. Activities that involve running can result in a small crack or bruising within the bone. Symptoms are pain that begins near the end of an activity and continues after an activity is ended, night pain, tenderness, and localized swelling.
  • ArthritisThis is the inflammation of joints and the pain extend unto the groin area. Arthritis affects mostly women and frequently occurs to older people. Symptoms include swelling, pain, stiffness and reduced range of motion.
  • Bursitis: Bursae are fluid-filled sacs that function as cushions to an area of friction between tendon and bone. Bursitis is the inflammation of the bursa. Symptoms are dull pain that gets worse with movement or pressure, tenderness, and inflammation of the affected area.


2. Hernia

Is a common problem that causes localized swelling either in the abdomen or the groin area. An inguinal hernia happens when fat or an intestine loop thrust on the weak muscle part of the lower abdomen. A bulge in the groin or scrotum will appear.  When the fat or an intestine loop thrust into the abdominal muscle wall and there may be a cut off its blood supply, it is called strangulated hernia. This one is life-threatening and needed emergency medical attention. Symptoms are nausea, vomiting, fever, you can’t pass gas or poop and sudden pain around the bulge. Surgery is the treatment that can repair a hernia.  


3. Enlarged lymph nodes

An existing infection such as cold, flu or genitourinary infections can result in a swollen lymph gland in the groin area. The inflammation is a bodily reaction of the immune system fighting infections. Syphilis or gonorrhea can cause the groin area to swell too. Daily activities like walking and bending can be painful if there is an enlarged lymph node. Symptoms are fever, chills, cough, runny nose sweating and fatigue.


4. Prostatitis

The prostate is a small gland set deep inside the groin area between the base of the penis and the rectum. Prostatitis is a common condition of swelling and inflammation of the prostate and affects men ages 30 to 50. Symptoms are mild or severe groin pain, frequent, difficult and painful urination, blood in urine, fever and chills, painful ejaculation or sexual dysfunction, and urethral secretions.


5. Epididymitis

At the back of the testicle is epididymis, function as a storage and carrier of the sperm. A condition where the epididymis becomes swollen, inflamed and painful around the groin area is epididymitis. This is caused by a bacterial infection and associated with sexually transmitted disease (STD), antibiotics treat this condition. Symptoms are fever, chills, pelvic pain, enlarged groin lymph nodes, bloody semen, painful sexual intercourse and ejaculation, pressure on testicles and frequent urination.      


6. Orchitis

This is an inflammation of one or both testicles, associated with mump virus or STD’s. Its symptoms are swelling of testicle and scrotal area, pain in the groin area, tender and swollen groin bloody semen and fever.  


7. Testicular torsion

This needs emergency medical attention, happens when testicle gets twisted inside the scrotum cutting off blood supply to the testicles. Surgery is needed to correct the twisted testicle.


8. Testicular cancer

A growth on the testicle will not cause any pain on its onset but sometimes it can be painful around the groin area. This is curable and early detection is the key.


9. Kidney Stones

These are mineralized stones such a calcium oxalate or phosphate, uric acid in the renal system. Characterized by an acute shooting abdominal pain radiating to the groin. Other symptoms on its onset are nausea and vomiting.


10. Urinary tract infection

UTI is a common infection especially among females as it is in male, the bladder sits on the groin area causing pain. Urinary tract infection affects not only the bladder but also urethra and kidneys. Symptoms are painful urination, bloody pee, pain in the lower tummy and around the groin area, feeling tired and unwell. This is treated with antibiotics.      

Pain in the groin area is seldom life threatening but it’s a pain that you want to be free of. Every step you make is a constant reminder that it is there and you must act on it. To add, the pain in your groin area may be a symptom of another medical condition that needs medical attention. Every painless step you make is worth that trip.

Pain in the groin area is seldom life threatening but it’s a pain that you want to be free of. The pain may either be acute or chronic in nature and can be mild or severe depending on the underlying cause.