Heart disease is a condition that is related to your heart. It is a life-threatening condition which is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. The condition is when the blood vessels are blocked wherein you can have a stroke or even a heart attack.
Fortunately, there is a way for you to avoid this condition. But before that, you need to know the different symptoms and causes of this disease. Read on to find out.
Symptoms of Heart Disease
The signs of the condition will vary depending on the type of heart disease that you have. Even the gender has something to do with your symptoms. Research shows that men are prone to have chest pains while women can feel shortness of breath and extreme fatigue.
When these signs show up, immediately head to your doctor for a diagnostic. It is always best that you undergo an examination to know if you really have the condition. Fortunately, there are a lot of exams that you can take:
- Stress test – It will increase your heart rate through exercise to see the reaction of your heart.
- Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – It will require you to lie down while a huge machine develops photos to be analyzed by the doctor.
- Electrocardiogram (ECG) – It checks the rhythm and structure of your heart via electrical signals. It can be done while you are exercising or while taking a rest.
- Cardiac computerized tomography (CT) scan – It will require you to lie down while a tube is placed inside your body to have images of your heart.
- Holter monitoring – It is a small device that you are required to wear. It records your heart activities for 24 to 72 hours.
- Cardiac catheterization – It is an examination in which the doctor will insert a tube in your vein. This tool will collect images inside your body for the doctor to analyze.
Ways to prevent having a heart disease
There are a lot of risk factors and possible causes that can lead to heart disease. It can be your age, family history, and even gender. Other times, it can be because of your lifestyle. If you are a smoker, exposed to radiation, or obese.
Lucky for you, there are different ways you can do to prevent getting this condition, including:
Get proper sleep
Not having enough sleep can have an effect on your daily life. It can ruin your concentration, make you feel tired all day, or worse, get a heart disease. But how? Lack of sleep can result in obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure. These three are the leading causes of heart disease. This is why it is very crucial that you have a nice sleep with at least 8 hours a day.
Take note that you have to make sure that you have a good sleep. What you can do to achieve this is by having a nice warm bath before going to bed.
Avoid getting diabetes
Diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar levels are too high. When this happens, you have a huge chance of having a heart disease. What you can do to avoid this condition is by lessen eating sweet foods. You can also avoid eating nuts as studies claim that it can help develop diabetes.
Research shows that smoking has a tendency to increase your blood pressure that can lead to stroke or heart attack. This is why it recommended that either you never try smoking or quit as early as today. However, be sure that you consult your doctor on how you can stop smoking without having side effects.
Avoid getting stressed
Stress is not that easy to avoid especially when you are under pressure or is in a difficult situation. You cannot just simply be calm when something tragic or irritating happens to you. But, if you keep on getting stressed and your blood pressure rises, then you can have a heart disease.
Which is why it is recommended that you have coping mechanisms for stress. And I do not mean stress eating or heavy drinking. Instead, you can exercise, meditate, or listen to music. Do not let stress eat you alive and take over your life.
Maintain blood pressure
One of the major risk factors for heart disease is high blood pressure. Which is why it is best that you maintain a stable blood pressure. Doctors recommend that you have it checked at least once a year. If you have a history of high blood pressure than it is best to have it checked regularly. You can also change your lifestyle to achieve this part.
Keep a healthy weight
Eating can be fun and enjoyable. No one can ever say no to eating especially when it is your favorite food. However, you must keep a stable weight if you want to have a healthy diet. What you can do is eat loads of vegetables, fruits, and other nutrients that are good to your body. Avoid eating canned goods and junk foods.
Exercise can keep your body healthy by strengthening your bones and shaping your muscles. But did you know that it can lower your risk of having a heart disease? Yes, it does. Exercising can keep your blood pressure at a normal level and make sure that you have a healthy weight.
So what you can do is make sure that you allot time for exercising to keep your body fit and healthy.
These are just some of the ways you can do to lower your chance of having a heart disease. Other ways include lessening your alcohol intake and keeping your cholesterol levels under control. Always remember that the key to having a long life and fewer diseases is make sure that you keep your body strong and healthy.