Bunion Treatment

How to Treat Bunions

January 11, 2019

Shoes, slippers, stilettos, boots, and others are all good products to protect our feet. They were made to make our feet comfortable and protected. But footwear may not ease the discomfort caused by bunions. But wait, what are bunions? In this article, we’ll check what bunions are, how we acquire bunions, including tips to prevent and manage them.

What is a Bunion?

This is located on the feet, or foot, where there is a slightly big bony bump on the side of the big toe. Sometimes, this bony bump is located on the side of the smallest toe which is called the bunionette, or tailor’s bunion. It is believed that this bump forms on the joint where it pushes the big toe in and against the next toe. In some cases, the skin over the bunion, or bunionette, is colored red and looks sore. In medical terms, it is also called the Metatarsophalangeal joint where the big toe or small toe meets the foot.

Causes and Symptoms

It is believed that bunions are hereditary, inherited usually from parents, or ancestors. Medical research tells that it’s a structural defect. It’s acquired from a medical condition like arthritis, and just mere stress on the foot. These are accompanied by a situation where you feel persistent pain. It may mean that you already have arthritis if the big toe is restricted from its usual movement. It may also be when the usual bulging bump on the side of the big toe or smallest toe, and the swelling or soreness around the affected area where the bulge bump is located.

Studies show that bunion usually is acquired by women or girls as they age from 10 to 15 years old. It is said that the cause for this trend is due to the changes in footwear around that age range. In these cases, it is better to consult a  doctor ones the pain is consistent, or when you feel discomfort all the time. Diagnosis of the condition will be based on X-ray to see if joints are damaged on how serious the condition and possibly interpret what caused this situation to happen. This condition will definitely be permanent unless there will be steps to surgically correct the foot. Here are the surgical cases for bunion:

  • Bursitis: this occurs when the small fluid-filled pads cushion the bones, muscles, that affects the joints and become inflamed.
  • Metatarsalgia: causing pain in the ball of the foot
  • Hammertoe: happens in in the middle joint of the toe causing pain and pressure where usually it looks like an abnormal bend next to the big toe.

Treatment and how to avoid Bunion

We now know that Bunion is usually an inherited foot type or a deformity present at birth. Having the normal foot what can we do to avoid and treat bunion when it occurs? If you have an active lifestyle, most probably, you’re also vulnerable to foot injuries by playing sports, or even on a regular activity where accidents may happen. But we can definitely avoid these things by focusing on the smallest and down there details. Here are some treatment & preventive measures on how to address bunion:

Choosing the right shoes for you

This is the simplest and most easy way on how to prevent bunion from occurring. Shoes should have lots of room for the toes so that it can move comfortably, and heels for women should have at least 2 inches, or lower, to ease off pressure on the front of the foot and other problems.


Consulting the doctor immediately is a good way to prevent and treat this kind of condition. They will provide good remedies on the situation and will assess the body if the person has already arthritis which may cause bunion. In this way, the doctor can prescribe painkillers like ibuprofen, acetaminophen, and other certified medicines to ease pain and relieve stress.

Ice Treatment

After seeing the doctor, they can recommend ice treatment if they found out that there is some swelling going on with the foot, or feet. Having and putting a bag of ice on the affected area for some minutes.

Special Paddings

Medical professionals, after assessment, can gauge if the condition is treatable and usually they recommend the use of padding in treating bunions. This is a special pad that cushions the area near the bunion to align and relieve the pressure of the affected part.


Final treatment for this condition is doing a medical surgery that aims to straighten the big toe or the small toe for bunionette. Doctors only recommend this for adults, while for teens they don’t since the foot is still growing and the condition may come back.

Taking care of our body is essential, and taking care of our feet is one of the most important. It allows us to stand, walk miles, and do many activities. And by picking the best shoes, slippers, stilettos, boots, and other materials that will protect our feet while doing these activities is key in taking care of our feet. Ones we feel something bad with it we should already take notice and therefore, it’s best to go to the doctor and see if you are experiencing bunion.

Bunion treatment