ABB: Types of Arthritis: Cause, Symptoms, Testing and Treatments

Types of Arthritis: Cause, Symptoms, Testing, and Treatments

December 3, 2018

Arthritis is a common ailment in which there is an inflammation in your joints. This illness can give you life-changing pain. The good news is that there is a way for you to treat this condition. There are a lot of home remedies and other traditional treatment that you can use.

Studies show that there are more than 100 types of arthritis types. Learn more about these kinds of arthritis and their causes, symptoms, and treatments here.

1. Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis or OA occurs when your protective cartilage inside your joint breaks down. When this happens, you will have a hard time moving your joints, giving you pain. The most common joints that are infected in this condition are spine, hips, hands, and knees.

The symptoms for this condition are a pain, stiffness, bone spurs, tenderness, grating sensation, and loss of flexibility of your joints. Once these are too difficult to bear, it is best that you visit your doctor as soon as possible.

In addition, there are a lot of factors that can cause this condition. One would be your age. As you grow old, your risk of having osteoarthritis increases. Another risk factor could be your sex. Studies show that women tend to have this illness than men.

People who are obese have a high risk of having osteoarthritis as well. This is because you tend to put too much pressure or weight on your joints. Also, fat tissues can be the cause of having inflammation in your joints. Other factors could be joint injuries, genetics, and bone deformities. Some occupations that involve putting stress in your joints can lead to this condition too.

Fortunately, this type of arthritis can be treated. You can take medications such as Acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and Duloxetine. The doctor might recommend that you take therapies like tai chi, yoga, occupational therapy, or physical therapy. In worse cases, you might have to undergo a surgery.

2. Rheumatoid Arthritis

Also called as RA, Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which your immune system attacks your body, particularly the joints. These attacks could lead to inflammation in your joints and eventually a joint damage when not treated immediately.

You will know that you have this condition when you are feeling stiff or pain in your shoulders, knees, feet, jaw, and neck. There is also a possibility for you to have more than one infected area. Another sign would be your knuckles on both hands being inflamed.

Unfortunately, there is no actual cause for this condition. There are studies that claim that the immune system will attack your joints thinking that these are harmful in your body. This can happen when your body has a bacteria or virus.

In terms of treatment, the doctor might recommend that you take medicines that can block chemicals related to tumor necrosis factor or interleukin-1. Other medications that you can take

are Corticosteroids, antirheumatic drugs, and JAK inhibitors.

3. Psoriatic Arthritis

It is a type of arthritis in which you have an inflammation in your skin and joints. The infected areas are mostly the scalp, navel, elbows, and knees. There are even instances when the skin around the genital areas is swelling as well.

The ailment is common to people ages 30 to 50. In rare occasions, children have a tendency to develop this as well. It starts as a skin disease that eventually leads to psoriatic arthritis. One factor to identify if you have this condition is when your fingernails are discolored or pitted. There are even cases when only one joint is infected.

There are other symptoms present in this kind of condition. These include swollen toes and

fingers, lower back pain, and foot pain. If you ignore these signs, you might end up having a damaged joint.

Sadly, there is no cure for psoriatic arthritis. Although, there are ways that you can do to prevent worsening the inflammation of your joints. The doctor might suggest that you take drugs like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, TNF-alpha inhibitors, and Immunosuppressants. If these medications do not have an effect on your condition, the doctor will require you to have steroid injections or joint replacement surgery.

4. Gout

Gout refers to the buildup of uric acids in any of your joints, especially your toes. Most of the time, you will feel pain in the infected area. The attack will take for about three to 10 days. There is a possibility for the pain to occur more frequently as months pass by. If you do not treat this condition immediately, it might have an impact on your kidney or joints.

Oftentimes, even if the pain in one particular area goes away, you will still feel discomfort. The joint will also be swollen and stiff. You might notice that the infected area will be red too.

On a brighter note, there are a lot of ways to ease the pain from gout attacks. You can take anti-inflammatory medications and drink plenty of water. Another technique would be elevating your foot and applying ice. Try to relax as well. But when any of these remedies do not work, consider having an appointment with your doctor.

5. Lupus

Systemic lupus erythematosus, or what people most known as Lupus, is also an autoimmune disease. It usually targets your joints and the other organs of your body. There is no actual cause for this condition. Your immune system will just cause pain or inflammation in your body instead of fight off viruses. In worse cases, it can also bring pain to your brain.

Some of the signs associated with this condition are hair loss, headaches, fatigue, sun sensitivity, mouth sore, and blood disorders. The best time to go to your doctor is when you have an ongoing fever, rashes, and persistent fatigue.

Just like most types of arthritis, lupus can be treated through medications as well. You can take antimalarial drugs and corticosteroids. There are also home remedies that you can do like having a healthy diet and not smoking.

Arthritis might have a lot of forms that can bring pain. Some might even result in complicated conditions. But always remember that there are ways for you to treat it. That is why before your illness gets severe, do not have second thoughts in going to your doctor.